Crime Prevention and the Turn to the Community
In this chapter I track the rise of the term ‘community’ from the mid-1970s in state discourse about crime and situate it within the turn towards neoliberalism and the embracing of the ‘criminologies of everyday life’ (Garland 1996: 450), such as situational crime prevention. I show how the liberal politics of the ‘new’ South Africa have ushered in new forms of positive and productive, as opposed to repressive, power. These include the technologies for preventing (and governing) crime through the family, the social and the individual. This has involved the emergence of new ways to understand and manage crime (Singh 1999, 2005a, 2005b, 2008). I argue that the concept of crime prevention is transforming the notion of what it means to be an ethical citizen in South Africa and that the technologies of restorative justice, social crime prevention, familialization and actuarialism are important tools in this neoliberal shift to governing at a distance.