chapter  6
20 Pages

Towards New Civil-Military Relations in Africa

For African democracy to succeed, civil-military relations must be reformed. As Claude Welch, Jr., posits, “if there is any single truism, it is that planned disengagement from politics rests primarily upon the willingness of ruling officers to reemphasize their professional as contrasted with their political responsibilities.”2 Peaceful successful democratic transition depends not only on the incumbent autocrats to give up their power, but more importantly on voluntary returns of the military to their barracks. Armies have long been, and remain in some cases, the major obstacle to democracy in Africa, seizing power with depressing frequency and often dominating the political process even under civilian regimes.