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The history of civil-military relations in African states since 1960 exposed more clearly than ever before the range of variables involved in determining military decisions to intervene in politics. Such factors as the degree of military preparedness for independence, the state of Africanization of the officer corps, and the rate of post-independence expansion of the armed forces are important additional criteria to look into in figuring out the behaviour of the army. Related to the speed of expansion of the army is the attitude of civilians to budgetary allocations for new forces, weapons and training programs which in turn may have been affected by the nature of the relationship between the armed forces and the civilian bureaucracy. Political scientists have been fascinated by the political role of African armies. Europeans' plans to create an African officer corps did not include clear policies and institutions to exercise political control over new national armies.