From ECOWAS to ECOMOG: The Evolution of ECOWAS Security Regionalism
This chapter reviews the causes of Liberia's relapse into conflict and assesses the performance of the second Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) peacekeeping force in Liberia. It examines what lessons did the ECOWAS Mission in Liberia (ECOMIL) learned from its predecessor, ECOWAS Monitoring Group (ECOMOG). The chapter argues that the failure of the Liberian peace process was inevitable due to flawed peacebuilding strategies, lack of international support and the repressive policies of former president Taylor. The failure of the 1997 Liberian Peace Process can be attributed to both inadequate peacebuilding strategies and Taylor's authoritarian and corrupt leadership style. LURD and MODEL are comprised of diverse anti-Taylor factions dating back to the first phase of the Liberian conflict. The support given by Guinea and Cote d'Ivoire to LURD and MODEL respectively seriously undermines any collective sub-regional security and conflict resolution efforts.