This chapter presents the contours of Latin American development over the past three decades of capitalism and neoliberal globalization. In contrast, Marxists in their approach or historical materialism, presuppose the possibility and indeed necessity of a subjective political response. Marxism also differs from a postmodernist or post development approach based on a poststructuralist epistemology, the notion that the structures that delimit action. The transformation of development state into a neoliberal state was effected under conditions of a global class war, a widespread fiscal crisis and a debt crisis engineered as a mechanism for ensuring a smooth transition into the new world order. The transformation process and its diverse dynamics brought about by policies of neoliberal globalization. The process of capitalist development, the strategy of integrated rural development and the project of international cooperation implemented within the framework of the Alliance of Progress was designed as a means of ensuring the passivity.