chapter  1
32 Pages

Dynamics and Contradictions of Capitalist Development

Land invasions and occupations in the land struggle have been a major political development in the 1990s, both in Latin America and, under different political conditions, in Asia and Southern Africa, most particularly Zimbabwe. The historical conditions, political dynamics and forms of this struggle are variable and contingent, but in the context of a worldwide class struggle against capitalism and neoliberalism land occupations appear as part of a broad land reform strategy that privileges direct action. Land invasions and occupations in the land struggle have been a major political development in the 1990s, both in Latin America and, under different political conditions, in Asia and Southern Africa, most particularly Zimbabwe. In the first wave of social movements that swept across the political landscape in the wake of the Cuban Revolution, the dominant strategy of Latin American peasants in the land struggle was "revolutionary" action in the form of a revolutionary movement and an army for national liberation.