Latin America: Growth, Stability and Inequality
This chapter examines the current dynamics of Mexican migration and its links to US restructuring processes in order to elucidate its dialectical relationship with poverty and marginalization, and more broadly with the dynamics of the capitalist system in its development of the forces of global production. This poses a number of theoretical and conceptual challenges involving a critical assessment of the relationship between capitalist restructuring, regional integration and labour migration in the singular case of the US Mexico migration process. Ever since the 1970s, the industrialized and highly developed countries at the center of the system have been led by the US, the hegemonic power at the time, into a complex multi-dimensional restructuring process. Capitalist restructuring results in forced migration toward developed nations. In the current neoliberal system, developed countries have deployed a restructuring strategy that, besides internationalizing production, commercial and financial processes, appropriates the natural resources, economic surpluses and the cheap labour of underdeveloped nations.