7 Pages


ByScott Gates, Kaushik Roy

China and India fought one conventional war, and India and Pakistan fought four conventional wars. An autocratic China will tend to have an advantage in diverting budgetary resources to the People’s Liberation Army, whereas a democratic India might discover limited budgetary fungibility. The China-India War began and ended as a purely conventional conflict without any irregular warfare dimensions. The objectives of both India and Pakistan during the several conventional wars that they fought were limited, not total. Pakistan never intended to destroy India; its aim was limited to wresting Kashmir from India. In 1971, India’s initial aim was to capture some East Pakistani territories and provide legitimacy to the Bangladesh government in exile. During the course of the campaign, the rapid collapse of Pakistani resistance and the domestic scenario in East Pakistan allowed India to expand its goal to include the temporary occupation of Dhaka and to ensure the secession of East Pakistan.