The World at War
More than three times as many people perished in the Second World War as in the 1914-1918 conflict. It was, far more than the ‘Great War’, a global conflict, though it affected some areas of the world more severely than others. The report of the Upper Burma District for 1940 spoke of being remote from the theatre of war and unaffected by the hostilities – no blackouts, no rationing: a short-lived calm, as it soon turned out. Other countries had been plunged into war well before 1939: the Spanish Civil War, the Italian wars of aggression in Ethiopia and Libya, the Japanese invasion of China, had already taken a terrible toll.