Liberal Politics in Goethe Gymnasium
Goethe Gymnasium, a university-track school in a more middle-class neighbourhood within the same borough of Stuttgart, was established in 1818 as a single-sex school for girls. In this school, given its academic programme, there was a much stronger emphasis on student performance. As early as 1818, students were taught five lessons of French a week and in 1853 this was supplemented by three hours of English per week. In 1972, the school became coeducational but has maintained its surplus of girls, currently consisting of two-thirds girls (377 girls) and one-third boys (187 boys). Only 135 (24 per cent) of its 564 students come from ethnic minority communities with Italians (31 students) forming the largest group followed by Turks (26 students). Goethe Gymnasium has an exclusion rate of fewer than 2 per cent (eight out of 564 students) per year. Like at Tannberg, boys are more often excluded than girls (seven boys compared to one girl) and ethnic minority students have a higher exclusion rate than their German peers (4.4 per cent compared with 0.5 per cent). The figures are much lower than Tannberg Hauptschule, however. In 2004, ethnic majority students had an average grade of 2.6 – half a grade better than Turkish students (3.1), who had the lowest score.