chapter  9
22 Pages

The Far Right

Between Tradition and Post-modernity

During the last century the far right in Western Europe experienced major institutional discontinuity, which sets them apart from other party families. The only East-Central European country where the far right did not become established during the interwar era was Slovenia. In Hungary, the original core of the far right was recruited from among the soldiers who had fought against the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919. Despite some efforts to import elements of Italian Fascism, far right formations were unsuccessful in putting down roots there. The post-Communist era saw the renewal of long-ago social animosities and traumas, which had a major effect on the revitalization of the far right. The influence of earlier history, as well as the effects of the dynamically-changing political and social context, is clearly evident with the Slovak National Party (SNS) which after 1989 represented the most important. The Spanish movement was always a mixture of Fascist and traditionalist elements with right-wing Syndicalist splinters.