It was not an uncommon prophecy through the first half of the twentieth century that religious belief of any substance would soon go the way of the horse-drawn buggy and the oil-burning lantern. This was not simply a statement of intellectual confidence by atheists but more often grounded in the obvious sociological realities that religious conviction was slowly eroding under the forces of secularization.2 The confidence in the impending demise of theism was different than the conviction of David Hume in the eighteenth century that belief in God was no longer tenable in light of the pervasive presence of evil or Ludwig Feuerbach’s insistence that belief in God could be better explained as a projection of human ideals. It was different because many in the twentieth century believed that the social structures of modernity would soon make Christianity obsolete, forever abandoned to the dustbin of an earlier primitive time. There would be no grand intellectual battle. Christian faith would die not because of its intellectual inferiority (though it was) nor because of its immoral consequences (though it had many) but rather because of its irrelevance to modern life.