The initial framework of the Thirty Years’ War was the Holy Roman Empire. King Henri II of France did not sign a peace treaty with the emperor after the occupation of the Three Bishoprics in 1552. Although events in Bohemia in 1618 seemed far away to people in France, the links between the king of Spain and his cousin in Vienna were of major concern to the French monarch. The kingdom felt the Spanish presence to the south, east and north as a ‘›ŽŠȱ˜ȱŽ—Œ’›Œ•Ž–Ž—ǰȱŽŸŽ—ȱ‘˜ž‘ȱ›Ž•Š’˜—œȱ‹Ž ŽŽ—ȱŠ›’œȱŠ—ȱŠ›’ȱ‘ŠȱœŽĴ•Žȱž›’—ȱ the regency of the Queen Mother, Marie de Medici, widow of Henri IV (1610-1614). Indeed, ‘Ž¢ȱœŽĴ•Žȱœ˜ȱŠ›ȱŠœȱ˜ȱŠ••˜ ȱ˜›ȱ‘Žȱ–Š››’ŠŽȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ¢˜ž—ȱ ’—ȱ˜ž’œȱȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ—Š—Šǰȱ Anne of Austria (1615).