chapter  13
The Dutch-Spanish War in the Low Countries 1621-1648
Pages 14

The Thirty Years’ War lives on in popular memory as one of Europe’s most barbarous Š—ȱŽœ›žŒ’ŸŽȱŒ˜—Ě’Œœȱ’—ȱ ‘’Œ‘ȱŠ•‘˜ž‘ȱ™’Œ‘Žȱ‹ŠĴ•Žœǰȱ‘ŽȱœŠŒ”’—ȱ˜ȱ˜ —œǰȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ •˜˜’—ȱ˜ȱ ‘ŽȱŒ˜ž—›¢œ’Žȱ–Š¢ȱ—˜ȱ‘ŠŸŽȱ‹ŽŽ—ȱŽŸŽ›¢Š¢ȱ˜ŒŒž››Ž—ŒŽœǰȱ ‘Ž¢ȱ Ž›ŽȱŠȱ •ŽŠœȱ common ones. The war simultaneously waged in the adjacent Low Countries – the Dutch Ž™ž‹•’Œǰȱ ‘Žȱ ™Š—’œ‘ȱ ˜›ȱ ˜ž‘Ž›—ȱŽ‘Ž›•Š—œǰȱ Š—ȱ ‘ŽȱžŒ‘¢ȱ˜ȱž¡Ž–‹ž›ǰȱ Š—ȱ Š›ŽŠȱ ‘ŠȱŒ˜››Žœ™˜—œȱ›˜ž‘•¢ȱ ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ–˜Ž›—ȱŽ—Ž•ž¡ȱŒ˜ž—›’ŽœȱȮȱœŠ—œȱ ’—ȱœŠ›”ȱŒ˜—›Šœȱ ˜ȱ this picture. The second round (1621-1648) of the 80-year struggle (1568-1648) between ‘ŽȱžŒ‘ȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ”’—ȱ˜ȱ™Š’—ȱ ’œȱŠœȱ–žŒ‘ȱ›Ž—˜ —Žȱ˜›ȱ ’œȱ›Žœ›Š’—ŽȱŸ’˜•Ž—ŒŽȱŠœȱ ‘Žȱ ‘’›¢ȱŽŠ›œȂȱŠ›ȱ’œȱ—˜˜›’˜žœȱ˜›ȱ’œȱŽ¡ŒŽœœŽœǯȱ¢ȱŗŜŖŖȱ‘Žȱ ‘˜•ŽœŠ•Žȱœ•Šž‘Ž›ȱ˜ȱ˜ —œȱ was already a bad memory for the Netherlanders. The Dutch leadership was appalled by ‘Žȱ Š—˜—ȱŽœ›žŒ’˜—ȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ‘’›¢ȱŽŠ›œȂȱŠ›ǰȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ’ŽŠȱ‘ŠȱŠ›–’Žœȱœ‘˜ž•ȱ‹Žȱ›’œ”Žȱ ’—ȱŠ›’—ȱž—Ž›Š”’—œȱ Šœȱ˜Š••¢ȱŠ•’Ž—ȱ˜ȱ‘Ž–ǯȱ‘Žȱ–’•’Š›¢ȱŒ˜––Š—ȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ›ŽŽ—œǰȱ ‘Žȱ–Ž–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ›ž•’—ȱ‹˜’Žœȱ’—ȱ‘ŽȱžŒ‘ȱŽ™ž‹•’ŒǰȱŠ›ŽŽȱ‘Šȱ Š›Š›Žȱœ‘˜ž•ȱ‹Žȱ –Ž‘˜’ŒŠ•ȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ˜žŒ˜–Žȱ˜ȱ˜™Ž›Š’˜—œȱŠœȱ—ŽŠ›ȱ™›Ž’ŒŠ‹•ŽȱŠœȱ™˜œœ’‹•ŽDZȱ’—ȱœ‘˜›ǰȱžŒ‘ȱ œ›ŠŽ¢ȱ ŠœȱŒ˜—ŒŽ›—Žȱę›œȱ ’‘ȱ‘ŽȱŒ˜—šžŽœȱ˜ȱ˜ —œȱŠ—ȱꐑ’—ȱ‹ŠĴ•Žœȱ ŠœȱœŽŽ—ȱŠœȱ a last resort.