chapter  4
The Labour Market
Pages 20

In the previous chapter, it was observed that visible ethnic minority groups have achieved educational attainments on a par or higher than the dominant groups. To ensure that ethnic minority groups are not denied access to employment, formal employment equity policies and mechanisms have been established and practiced in Toronto. However, in spite of these tools, the narrative that emerges from interviews and statistics are not encouraging. This chapter will examine the occupational experiences of ethnic minorities, and their subsequent statistical outcomes in detail. The first section will discuss the major policies that have been setup to improve ethnic minority equity in the labour market. This will be followed by consecutive sections that will elaborate on the narratives derived from interviews on ethnic minorities’ experiences in the job search, hiring process and workplace advancement. The chapter will conclude by presenting the statistical labour market outcomes for ethnic minorities.