chapter  2
Pages 22

Immigration is a modern phenomenon that has become a salient issue given greater integrated global economies. This is demonstrated by the fact immigration has significantly increased globally since World War Two as people move around in search of occupational opportunities, better wages and a higher standard of living. There are approximately 190 million immigrants in the world today – with undocumented immigrants this number may be higher (see United Nations 2009). Europe has the largest number of immigrants, with approximately 64.1 million, followed by Asia with approximately 53.3 million and then North American with approximately 44.5 million. Put another way, “developed” nations such as Canada receive the bulk of immigration with nearly 110 million immigrants.