We shall conclude this section with a discussion on how religious beliefs work as ideal of governance. For too much time over the past two and half decades we had discussed secularism and varieties of secularism as the ideal and mode of governance. Let us for once discuss the presence of religion as an ideal for governance. In previous chapters we showed the contentious relation between governance and politics, and discussed how different ideas of autonomous life oriented different ideas of governance. This discussion also brought to light various foundational ideas of self, self-governance, democracy and politics – none of which was left aside or untouched by the all-embracing idea of governing. Is the idea of modern governance then a theological idea? Is the nature of bourgeois rule, priding itself of secular origin and functions, reliant on theological legitimacy? The question is difficult, so is the answer. But to get to the nature of modern governance we must engage in a deep discussion on the issue. We shall have to explore as to why otherwise perfectly secular categories of governance seem to carry marks of religious origins. In this chapter we shall undertake this difficult inquiry.