The twentieth century saw a tremendous growth in the number and power of bureaucratic organizations in the United States. Despite the attempts of the administrations of Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush to deregulate the U.S. economy and to shift governmental power from the national government to the states, bureaucracies continue to ourish, seemingly immune from the forces that would weaken them. Indeed, President George W. Bush increased the number of executive departments with the creation of the Department of Homeland Security in late 2002. For better or for worse, bureaucratic government is a political and legal fact of life. The growth of administrative government may be attributed primarily to two of its strongest features: expertise and efciency.