chapter  IV
11 Pages


Complexes, like the sentiments and dispositions, are psycho­ logical constellations formed by the attachment of the instinctive emotions to objects or experiences presented by the environment, but which, owing to their painful or repug­ nant character, are unacceptable to the ‘self5. Experiences associated with painful emotions, such as an act of cowardice, sexual assaults, wounded pride, frequently become the material for a complex. The thought of the war may be the nucleus of a sentiment to a man who was heavily decorated, a complex to a man court-martialled for cowardice. What at one age may be a mother sentiment, may at a later age be a mother complex. The complex is commonly named according to the dominant emotion contained in it, like a fear complex, sex complex, inferiority complex, or, at other times, by the name of the nucleus round which the emotions are grouped - a mother complex, or war complex, or religious complex.