chapter
Introduction
Pages 30

Railway construction in the Ottoman Empire is one of the most fascinating aspects of its later economic and political history. The success or failure of railway schemes accurately reflects financial transactions as well as political pressures and responses. This is all the more true, since most of the construction, expansion, and exploitation of Ottoman railways were both initiated and executed by non-Turks, chiefly Germans, Austrians, Frenchmen, and Britons.