chapter  6
Testing Whiteness: No (Girl) Child Left Behind?
Pages 28

Standardized testing of students and their schools intensified with 2002’s federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation, which increases the stakes for girls and women whose cultural capital becomes a lens for national policy. Key themes focus on testing, gender bias (Leonard and Jiang 2000), and racial bias compounded by the impact of whiteness on test development (Kamin 1974). Intersections of race, class, and gender in testing are critical to educational outcomes for girls and women of color, and this chapter reviews the practice of standardized testing for the cultural capital of schools, with a special emphasis on Chicanas and schooling.