chapter  5
An Illustrative Genocide: Burundi-Rwanda
Pages 12

The genocides and ongoing massacres that occurred over decades in Burundi and Rwanda illustrate once again that genocide is a deliberate political act, an act that does not happen without ample warning, an act that will almost inevitably recur in the absence of domestic and international restraints. Ongoing, increasing, and overlapping ethnic violence between Hutus and Tutsis in both countries was evident to the international community for decades before the infamous Rwanda genocide of 1994. The Burundi genocide in 1972, although not as widely publicized, shared similar historical circumstances with and influenced the Rwanda genocide in 1994. These preventable genocides were not prevented.1