The formidable resources of the established democracies give them great potential to form groupings that can recognize early warnings of imminent conflict and respond promptly with preventive actions. Yet their track record in prevention is not inspiring. Recently a focus on prevention has emerged, however, and its impact on policy has been especially impressive in the European Union since 2001, when that body announced its Göteborg Programme on conflict prevention, a cooperative approach to solving disputes peacefully and to dealing with their root causes. It is now an important element of the external relations of the European Union. The rotating Presidency of the EU meant that Sweden, a pioneer in prevention of violent conflict, was able to take the lead in creating this program.