chapter  9
Phenomenological Tone of Critical Discourse
Pages 7

The transition from the Renaissance to the Modern Age might be described through a transformative process in the meaning of ‘human knowledge.’ From this viewpoint, the ‘scientific revolution’ of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries denotes a new episteme to designate the affinity between ‘human knowledge’ and ‘knowing the human,’ as scientifically formulated. The formulatory principles of its investigative pattern of thought are mainly rooted in the physical world of phenomena. The analytical qualities of the objectified certainty of this paradigmatic pattern were the platform on which a new compartment of knowledge would later (from the second half of the nineteenth century) be crystallized into independent faculties of knowledge and research disciplines under the rubric of ‘human sciences.’ 1 This transformation together with its specific disciplinary developments is a central axis in modernity’s social occurrence and may simultaneously be viewed as a facet of progress and a source of crisis. Consequently, in rendering humans an object of scientific investigation, the ‘human sciences’ have become a source of alienation between humanity’s existence and human knowledge.