Hegel's dynamic, processual concept of totality testified to his confident belief in historical progress. The dynamism of the concept reflected the real historical movement of the epoch; the overturning of both the social and political forms of the ancien regime and their replacement by emergent bourgeois relations and institutions more in tune with the modem spirit of individual self-determination. Bourgeois society, however much Hegel only anticipated its actualisation in Germany, signified, at least in principle, the instantiation of a rational, selfregulating social organisation. Hegel's thought both expressed and largely endorsed this revolutionary historical transformation. History was conceived as the progressive human attainment of self-knowledge and freedom.