chapter  2
Pages 43

In order to describe the seventeenth-century medical m arket­ place, we m ust first divest ourselves o f the assum ption that the licensed medical practitioner belonged to a recognised profes­ sion. Professor Geoffrey Holm es defines professional status as follows:

a profession is a calling or vocation, exclusive . . . of occupations ‘purely commercial, mechanical, agricultural or the like’; and . . . what gives it its distinctive social stamp is the fact that, through education and a career-oriented training, a particular body of specialised knowledge is acquired and is then applied to the service . . . of others.1