The nominal/verbless sentence الجُمْلَة الاِسْمِيَّة
This chapter presents grammar as a necessary and essential tool for understanding Arabic and for developing comprehension and production skills. It explains the nominal/verbless sentence. The nominal/verbless sentence consists of two main parts. Both parts agree in gender and number and both occur with the nominative case ending except for pronouns and words which have invariable endings. The nominal/verbless sentence is used for descriptive statements in the present tense where the verb to be (am, is, or are) would be otherwise explicitly used in English. When both the subject and the predicate are definite, a redundant pronoun is optionally used for emphasis and/or to distinguish the structure from that of the noun-adjective phrase. Sometimes the subject is indefinite and in this case the order of the subject and predicate is reversed. Often in this case, the predicate occurs as a noun or pronoun preceded by a preposition or adverb.