George Macaulay Trevelyan (1876-1962) came by both his profession and his early Whiggish inclinations naturally. As the great-nephew of T. B. Macaulay and son of the historian, Liberal MP and sometimes government minister George Otto Trevelyan (1838-1928), he grew up in an atmosphere of devotion to learning and a commitment to reform. He was acutely aware from an early age of belonging to two kinds of aristocracy, birth and talent. Proud of his descent from Cornish gentry, he was prone to see in the landed leaders of English counties the vital governing as well as civilizing force of English society. He also never lost his deep reverence for rural life and pursuits, infusing his books with loving descriptions of the beauty of the countryside and the admirable traits of those who dwelt there. e family’s Wallington estate in Northumberland, where George grew up, was a recent family acquisition. His grandfather, Charles Trevelyan, a noted o cial in British India and a civil service reformer as well as an infamous gure in the Treasury during the Irish potato famine for withholding needed funds from starving peasants, inherited the 22,000 acre estate from a cousin in 1879. Sir Charles, who had married Macaulay’s sister Hannah in 1834, died in 1886, and was succeeded by his son the second baronet, George Otto Trevelyan. e latter did not relinquish either his political career or his scholarship (studies of T. B. Macaulay and Charles James Fox, and a six-volume history of the American Revolution) when he assumed his position at the apex of local landed society.