chapter  4
The Communicative Preconditions of Far-Right Fantasy
Pages 8

Closed and open communication systems are emblematic, respectively, of authoritarian (leftist or right-wing) and democratic social orders (Popper, 1995 [1945]), and they find expression in variant forms of erudition: respectively, in mythology and laboratory science. Most claims-making enterprises fit somewhere between these extremes. Among them are the “pseudo-sciences,” as Karl Popper (1965) calls them, of astrology, Freudianism, Adlerian psychology, and vulgar Marxism. Others examples are intelligent design (creationism), conservative sociological theory (also known as structural functionalism), rational choice theory, and racialist cosmology.