chapter  7
17 Pages

SECTION III Religion, Conflict, and the State

Think back to any course you’ve taken in history, especially any that dealt withEurope. You may remember that before the 19th century in Europe, and some-what later in preindustrial societies elsewhere in the world, the wielding of power by rulers in most human societies was justified by linking the ruler to the sacred forces of the universe. Chiefs, kings, nobles, and other leaders ruled because they were chosen by the gods to do so.