chapter  12
23 Pages

Settlement and Landscape

We discuss ways in which archaeologists study sacred and secular landscapes in a search

for the intangible beliefs of ancient societies.

The earth is not just a series of dramatically poised topographic features that incite the wonder of man or beckon for exploitation, but is rather a living, breathing entity in an inanimate universe. The land with its water, plants, and animals is a spiritual creation put into motion by the gods in their wisdom. These elements are here to help, teach and protect through an integrated system of beliefs that spell out man’s relationship to man, nature, and the supernatural. To ignore these teachings is to ignore the purpose of life, the meaning of existence.