chapter  4
INSTITUTIONS AFFECTING ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
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TheRoleofAccommodationandContainment Thusmanyfeaturesofenvironmentallyrelatedpolicy aremoresuitableforthe'non-decision-making' treatmentfirstdiscussedbyBachrachandBaratz (1962)anddevelopedbyJenkins(1978).The practiceofnon-decision-makingisalittletricky todescribeforitreferstothedeliberateand successfulpracticeofkeepingapotentiallycontentiousissueawayfrompublicattentionand politicaldiscussion.Crenson(1971)foundthisto bethecasewithrespecttopollutioncontrolin Gary,Indiana.NeithertheUSSteelCorporationnor thelocalpollutioncontrolofficerswantedtheir carefullyorchestratednegotiationstobecometoo publicsotheyprotectedeachother'sconfidenceand reachedanaccommodationoveracceptableemission levelswhichmayhavebeentotheirmutualsatisfactionbutwhichcouldbynomeansberegardedasa reflectionofthepublicinterestasdefinedby Wengert.Accommodationandcontainmenttherefore becomeimportantfeaturesofthemodernenvironmental game:accommodationamongstmutuallyunderstanding interestsandcontainmentfromthegazeofthe potentially'meddling'public.Thisiscertainly thecaseinBritainandFrancewithrespecttosuch itemsaspollutioncontrolandrisk/safetyassessmentswhereofficialsecrecyandafaithinthe soundjudgementofofficialsandtheirexpert advisersprovideapowerfulprotectiveargument. InthemoreopengovernmentsoftheUSandSweden and,mostrecently,Canadacontainmentmaybeless feasible(thoughrarelyimpossible)thoughaccommodationwillstillbeanimportantobjective.