chapter  7
INSTITUTIONAL EFFECTS ON INTERNAL MIGRATION
Pages 20

Researchoninternalmigrationtendstohavea strongidentificationwithparticulardisciplines: economistshaveexplaineditintermsofresponses towageandunemploymentrates,geographersinterms ofdistance-decaymodels,sociologistsintermsof communitytiesandlife-stylepreferences.Allof theseapproacheshavemerit,butneglectthefact thatformanypeoplemigrationisregulatedbythe institutionalstructuresthataffecttheirlives. Mosthouseholdheadswhomigratebetweenregions endupwithhigherwageorsalarylevels,not becausetheychosetomovetoaregionwithhigh averagewages,butbecausetheirmovewasapromotiontoanotherjobinadifferentbranchoftheir organisation,orbecausetheyappliedsuccessfully forawidely-advertisedjobwithanotherorganisation.Migrationinparticularprofessionsmay reflectthetendencyofthoseprofessionstoreward experienceindifferentenvironments,andthedegree ofacceptanceinoneplaceofqualificationsgained elsewhere.Anotherimportantfactormaybethe easeofobtainingsuitablehousinginadifferent region,whichmaybeaffectedbytheorganisationof therealestateindustry.InBritain,mostlocal authorityhousingisallocatedfromawaitinglist, soin-migrantsarelikelytohaveseveredifficulty infindinghousingofthistype.Governmentmay havepolicydirectlyrelevanttomigration,such asencouragementtoworkersseekingjobsinanew region,orplannedexpansionandoverspillschemes. Itspolicymayindirectlyaffectmigration,by encouragingordiscouraginglargeemployersfrom locatinginparticularplaces.Localdifferences inwelfareprogrammesmayalsohavesubstantial effects.