chapter  17
The Art and Technology of Mixing
ByDavid Miles Huber, Robert E. Runstein
Pages 43

In the past, almost all commercial music was mixed by an experienced professional recording engineer under the supervision of a producer and/or artist. Although this is still true at many levels of high-end production, with the emergence of the project studio, the vast majority of facilities have become much more personal and cost-effective in nature. The recording phase involves the physical process of capturing live or sequenced instruments onto a recorded medium. In order to understand the process of mixing, it's important to understand one of the most important concepts in all of audio technology: the signal chain. Many mixer and certain audio interface designs provide a break in the signal chain that occurs after the channel input. A direct send/return or insert point can be used to send the strip's line-level audio signal out to an external gain or effects processing device. Amplifiers, magnetic tape and even digital media are limited in the range of signal levels.