chapter  5
The Economy
Pages 21

As we noted in Chapter 1, it was characteristic of the Right that they were concerned about changes in the nature of the domestic economy and about the role of the modern state within it. Conse­ quently, in analysing the attitudes of the Right towards the economy it is most fruitful to classify them according to the views they took both of capitalism and of state intervention in economic affairs. In this way four broad categories emerge: anti-capitalist statists; anti-capitalist anti-statists; capitalist statists; and capitalist anti-statists. This terminology is clumsy and initially it appears con­ fusing because it does not correspond with more familiar distinc­ tions such as those which are often drawn between ‘collectivists’ and ‘libertarians’ or ‘Tories’ and ‘neo-liberals’. Nor do these cate­ gories relate very easily to popular terms like ‘corporatism’ or ‘planning’. However, even though these popular terms will be used where they seem appropriate, they have been rejected as tools of analysis because they fail to tell us anything very interesting about the British Right. For instance, analyses that depict Conservative Party politics as a struggle between two different groups over­ simplify the arguments, and those that treat toryism and neo­ liberalism as antithetical ideas fail to explore the ways in which the two interact. Likewise, corporatism and planning are labels that need to be subdivided before they become useful.1 Consequently, a four-fold classification of ideological ‘ideal types’ has been employed instead in order to help us understand what might other­ wise remain obscure. Success is their only justification.