The War Machine: The Political Economy
This chapter examines the impact of war on economic and political changes in the Western nations leading to militarization of their economies and the rise of the modern military-industrial complex. It discusses how in the early twentieth century entire societies became reorganized for purposes of industrialized warfare. The chapter also examines the emergence and expansion of the military-industrial complex within democratic nations and its long-term impact on the institutions and policies of these nations. The military-industrial complex is a permanent institutional arrangement that combines the armed forces, the arms industry, and the government. A defining feature of the military-industrial complex is close coordination between the government, the military, and the arms industry. In Europe and North America, patterns of interaction between these institutions crystallized by the mid-nineteenth century and turned into a self-sustaining process of continuous coordination by the early twentieth century.