This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book suggests a new typology of emerging and established philosophical methodologies that have both been shaped by philosophers’ growing interest in cities and in turn opened up the subfield of philosophy of the city to address a greater range of urban questions and issues. It provides examples of intradisciplinary methodologies and an illuminating discussion of social and political considerations of architecture. The book discusses philosophical analysis in conversation with evidence grounded in social science. It shows the importance of informed engagement with climate science and its methodology if philosophers hope to offer compelling discussion of what a morally just approach to this challenge will look like. The book argues that engage in the recuperation of the history of Western philosophy in and for the city.