The Renaissance still had no theory of knowledge. Problems of cognition were subsumed partly under ontology, partly under anthropology. Nor did it yet have a psychology either. Cognition and other psychic phenomena were regarded as functions of the ‘soul’. Opinions differed as to the characteristics and properties of the soul. But at the same time every Renaissance thinker - regardless of whether he held the soul to be form or substance, of natural or divine origin - agreed that the soul was objective and was in some way to be found in reality as a whole, if perhaps on different levels of existence.