chapter  4
7 Pages

Indirect statement

Subjunctive verbs are different from indicative verbs in that they do not express a definite time on their own. Instead, they express time relative to the main verb upon which they depend. For instance, the present subjunctive and the imperfect subjunctive do NOT express present time and past time respectively. Rather, they both express an action that is contemporaneous with or subsequent to the main verb. The present subjunctive expresses an action that is contemporaneous with or subsequent to a present or future verb. The imperfect subjunctive expresses an action that is contemporaneous with or subsequent to a past tense verb. This chapter presents matching exercises with unedited Latin excerpts and rough English translations. A short reading relating to the adventures of Hercules is also presented. These readings give the course a strong sense of narrative cohesion, providing opportunities to develop comprehension and translation skills.