chapter  23
6 Pages

Dum clauses

The gerundive is a verbal adjective which has a sense of obligation or necessity. The Latin gerundive (also called the future passive participle) is formed identically to the gerund. Being an adjective, however, it takes 1st-2nd declension adjective endings and is not confined to the neuter singular as the gerund is. Deponent verbs form gerundives and, surprisingly, they are translated as passive, like non-deponent verbs. The gerundive has four uses, three of which are discussed in this chapter: as an adjective expressing obligation or necessity; in place of the gerund; and to express purpose modifying the direct object. The chapter presents exercises with unedited Latin excerpts and rough English translations. A short reading relating to the adventures of Hercules is also provided. These readings give the course a strong sense of narrative cohesion, providing opportunities to develop comprehension and translation skills.