chapter  29
5 Pages

Gerundives

Numerals come in different shades. Depending on their meaning, there are four types of numerals: Cardinals, Ordinals, Distributives and Adverbs. Latin also possesses these types of numerals. This chapter focuses primarily on the cardinal numerals, since they have the most idiosyncrasies and are most frequent. It outlines major grammatical point usually taught in an intermediate college Latin course, as well as other grammatical topics which may be introduced in the first semester of reading prose or poetry. Being adverbs, numerals do not change their forms. Distributives are adjectives used to denote how much of something is allocated to each person or thing and ordinals are used to indicate rank. Ordinals are declined as 1st-2nd declension adjectives. Unus is a pronominal adjective and takes the normal declension adjective endings, with the expected modifications in the genitive and dative. When the number ends in 1, the forms of unus, which lack plural endings, simply agree in gender and case but not number.