chapter  31
6 Pages

Fore

English poetry is based on stress and English meter involves the positioning of stressed and unstressed syllables in certain specific patterns. Poe's poem groups pairs of stressed and unstressed syllables into feet. This type of foot structure is called a trochee. Latin poetry also forms syllables into feet and feet into lines. The crucial difference from English is how Latin constructs its feet. While English feet are centered on stress, Latin feet are centered on weight, contrasting heavy with light syllables. There are a wide variety of types of meter employed throughout the history of Latin verse. This chapter focuses on three common types which beginning students are likely to encounter. The chapter explains caesura - word boundary within a foot; diaeresis - foot boundary that coincides with a word boundary. Different types of meter mandate that a caesura should occur in a specific foot of each line.