chapter  33
6 Pages

Subjunctive by attraction

Languages are always changing. Just as the English spoken nowadays is far removed from that spoken by William Shakespeare and even further removed from that spoken by Geoffrey Chaucer, Latin too was not a stable entity throughout the many centuries it was spoken. Both this and the following unit try to give a notion of the different stages that preceded and followed the Classical Latin introduced in this chapter and in Intensive Basic Latin (IBL). Archaic Latin, also termed Old Latin, is the name given to the stage of Latin represented in the earliest known inscriptions down to the middle of the second century BCE. The chapter focuses on differences from the last two, though differences in spelling will be noticed in examples illustrating the other two categories. It provides points to illustrate the differences between Archaic and Classical Latin. As is the usual practice in the study of inscriptions, forms which occur only in inscriptions are capitalized.