chapter  2
7 Pages


The imperative is used to give commands. Such orders are termed direct commands, since the verbs are directly giving an order. An indirect command is a subordinate clause which is dependent upon another clause whose verb is a verb such as beg, command, order, persuade, pray, request, urge. Indirect commands are introduced by the same types of verbs that introduce such clauses in English. The verb of the indirect command is either in the present or imperfect subjunctive. There is no difference in meaning between the two, the selection of subjunctive tense being conditioned by the tense of the verb of the main clause. This chapter also presents matching exercises with unedited Latin excerpts and rough English translations. A short reading relating to the adventures of Hercules is also presented. These readings give the course a strong sense of narrative cohesion, providing opportunities to develop comprehension and translation skills.