Reform is aimed at improving performance, altering something for the better. It is concerned with repairing defects and overcoming limitations in order to realize some higher state of performance or eﬀectiveness.1 Reform is about evolution, not revolution, as it seeks to eliminate the faults of a systemwithout fundamentally altering the system itself. Reform should seek to improve the council through enhancing its capacity to undertake its important work. The model of agency, presented in the preceding chapter, provides a potential schema for reform: markedly enhancing the council’s agency should constitute the aim of any reform. The identiﬁcation of the key determinants of council agency draws into sharper focus the key determinants for reform-as they are essentially one in the same. Throughout the next series of chapters, the tenets of council agency will
be routinely invoked. They will be used to probe the claims of would-be reformists. This chapter will subject the claims of the proponents of new permanency to scrutiny. It cautions against accepting the rather unsophisticated arguments presented by these proponents. The framework for the chapter relies on a number of oft-recited concepts such as representativeness, diversity, eﬃciency, democratization, and equality.