chapter
4 Pages

Introduction

This chapter considers inclusion in further education (FE), sixth form and apprenticeships in the UK. It focuses on those students with special educational needs, and also considers issues around all further education and sixth form students who may be at risk of exclusion or marginalisation. Post-16 education is arguably more important for the economy today than ever. The term 'further education' was first used in Britain in 1906, with the purpose being not dissimilar to today, offering courses aimed at improving the life chances of all ability levels. The 1944 Education Act resulted in the setting up of two different types of secondary schools: grammar schools for the 20 per cent who passed the 11-plus exam, a set of English, Mathematics and intelligence tests for all 11-year-olds, and secondary modern schools for the rest of the population.