chapter  1
7 Pages

Inclusion: defining definitions

The chapter focuses on policies which are implemented in Greece for diverse students, especially for two main groups: children coming from different national backgrounds and children with special needs. It addresses the challenges that are caused by financial crisis and presents the introduction of policies; Greek society and education system are still a long way off being characterised as inclusive and diverse. In the twentieth century, Greece experienced waves of migration, mainly to countries such as the United States, Great Britain, Germany, Sweden, Canada and Australia. The rapid changes in socio-demographics of Greece created a dichotomy in Greek society: the population who were nationals and the 'others', who were immigrants or repatriates. According to Hellenic Statistical Authority's official data, 206,000 migrant children in Greece attend pre-primary, primary and secondary education. The recent economic crisis in Greece has influenced relations between the native population and large number of national and cultural migrants and religious and ethnic minorities residing in the country.