chapter
Introduction
Pages 12

Simply put, the relationship between conservation and development has been fraught with conflict because the environmental implications of predominant development trajectories are profound. Yet, conservation and development have to somehow work together. The so-called ‘forced marriage’ between conservation and development has been a topic of academic debates and policy discussion for well over four decades; although in some sense the two have been intertwined since at least as far back as the 1700s (Grove 1995). There is a spectrum of positions taken: some commentators contend that conservation and development have entirely different objectives and they should be kept separate, while others argue that conservation and development cannot work without each other. Trying to do conservation and development simultaneously may have fallen out of fashion, but it has not stopped being necessary. Indeed, the need for it may be greater now than ever.