chapter  4
The Practicality of Morality and the Humean Conception of Reason and Motivation
Pages 21

The thought that the ability of moral judgements to provide reasons for and to motivate action is fundamental to understanding the nature of ethics underlies the thinking of metaethical internalists. The term internalism was first used as a thesis about moral judgements or moral truths. An internalist could use translation arguments to support weaker defeasible internalist claims. Motives existence internalism requires that true claims about reasons entail facts about motivation. Noncognitivists will draw sustenance from judgement internalism together with Humean Theory of Motivation. Morals/motives existence internalism coupled with Humean/hypotheticalist conceptions of rationality will cause trouble for metaethical theories that include non-relativism among their commitments. The various competing metaethical theories find adherents by noticing how they each propose a different way of resolving tensions between internalism, Humean conceptions of reason. Morals/motives internalism postulates a necessary connection between morality and motives. Yet there can be variation in the nature of the alleged necessary connection. The taxonomy combines three dimensions of variation.