chapter  3
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Policy production is the process of transforming public demands into outputs such as schools, roads, taxes, welfare checks, police patrols, subsidies, and regulations. The distinction between the means of production that is, how policymakers organize their work and the products that policymakers deliver to the public is critical. Policy issues and the policy production process are increasingly driven by the opportunities and problems generated by information technology. According to John Dewey, 'Technology' signifies all the intelligent techniques by which the energies of nature and man are directed and used in satisfaction of human needs. The techniques of policymaking have changed because technology has forced such changes. Policy entrepreneurs assemble policy inputs and push them onto the agendas of public policymakers. Mapping policy production is much simpler than tracing the evolution of policy inputs because policymakers have a more limited set of technologies at their disposal than do policy entrepreneurs.